The Gay Revolution Notes (Ella)

Faderman, Lillian. The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster Paperbacks, September 2016. Print.

Dewey’s Restaurant Sit in

  • “Downtown Philadelphia, around Rittenhouse Square, April 1965: Dewey’s coffee shop was a favorite hangout for gay teens who were too young to get into the bars. But when the manager decided that the campy boys and butchy girls were driving away straight business, he ordered the staff not to serve them. That wasn’t the first time gays were eighty-sixed from a favorite hangout, but the Woolworth’s protests and Martin Luther King’s Selma march were inspiration for two boys and a girl. When they were refused service, they sat; they wouldn’t leave the coffee shop. The manager called the police. who dragged the three teens out. They were arrested and charged with disorderly conduct. The Janus Society, Philadelphia’s homophile organization, sprang to life as it never have before. Members mimeographed 1,500 leaflets about the discrimination at Dewey’s and the arrest of the teens.” (Faderman 116)
  • “Drum, Janus’s monthly magazine, called the gay teens’ protest “the first sit-in of its kind in the history of the United States.” But, unlike the black sit-ins and other protests, the Cooper’s revolt went unrecorded, and the Philadelphia story was noticed only by a couple of low-circulation gay magazines. The media blackout about gay protests permitted straight people to continue in their head-in-the-sand ignorance of gay grievances, Clark Polak, the frustrated chair of the Janus Society, complained.” (Faderman 116-117)

Black Cat Tavern

  • “Los Angeles again, New Year’s Day, 1967: In 1966, landscape gardener and early leather man, twenty seven year old Steve Ginsberg, had started a gay group called PRIDE (Personal Rights in Defense and Education). After a dozen policemen burst into the Black Cat, a Silver Lake district gay bar, swinging billy clubs and brandishing guns at the stroke of midnight on January 1, 1967, PRIDE organized a protest. Hundreds of PRIDE supporters overflowed the street on which the Black Cat was located. They marched and carried signs that said “Abolish Arbitrary Arrests” and “No More Abuse of Our Rights and Dignity.” Ginsberg had mimeographed three thousand leaflets detailing police brutality, and the demonstrators handed them out to pedestrians and passing drivers. “The time has come when the love that dared not speak its name will never again be silenced,” Jim Kepner of ONE announced hopefully.” (Faderman 120)
  • “The lawyers encouraged some of the gays who’d been arrested in the Black Cat raid to sue, and they even presented briefs to the US Supreme Court that asserted the rights of homosexuals to equal protection under the law. SCOTUS was far from ready to consider such rights in 1967.” (Faderman 120)

Chp 8: Slivers of Space and Justice

  • LA, May 1959- John Rechy started a gay rights “brush fire” (Faderman 115)
    • Rechy wrote “City of Night” autobiography
    • At Cooper’s Donuts Rechy started a mini-riot against the police (Faderman 115-116)
    • “Cooper’s was a home away from home to transients like Rechy, who earned their living on the streets, and to “queens”: mostly black and Latino, dressed in semidrag, their faces made up with lipstick and eyeshadow. Cooper’s patrons were regularly harassed by policemen who would walk through the coffee shop, stop in front of a random customer, and demand to see identification for no reason except how the person looked. Every once in a while, the police would haul a few customers out of the restaurant and drive them down to the Sixth Street police station.” (Faderman 115)
    • “…they staged a mini-riot, with drag queens and hustlers assaulting the police, turning donuts into flying missiles, flinging cups, sugar cubes, anything hurl-able, lobbing them at the heads of the offending officers.” (Faderman 116)
  • April 1965, The Janus Society (Philadelphia’s main homophile group) came into action (Faderman 116)
    • Clark Polak=chair of the Janus Society at the time (Faderman 117)
  • NYC 1966 Dick Leitsch- from Kentucky- Leader of the Mattachine Society at the time (Faderman 117)
  • “The homosexual twist to the black sip-ins was novel enough so that several editors did send reporters. The Times, surprisingly, assigned one who seemed a pretty promising choice: Thomas A. Johnson, the first black journalist in what had been the New York Times’s hundred-year history.” (Faderman 117)
  • “San Francisco, summer 1966: Gene Compton’s Cafeteria in the Tenderloin district was, like Cooper’s Donuts in LA, beloved turf to blak and Latino “queens” who considered the place, in the words of one of them, “fabulous-like the Wizard of Oz.”[…] Compton’s management had been ignoring police orders to shut down by midnight in order to discourage homosexuals and other “seedy types” from gathering after the bars closed at two in the morning.” (Faderman 119)
    • “It sparked California’s second homosexual brush fire-fifty young homosexuals hurling dishes, breaking windows, vandalizing a police car parked outside the cafeteria, setting a nearby newsstand on fire.” (Faderman 119)
    • “The next day, gay street teens staged a picket in fornt of Compton’s to tell the police that harassment must stop. Most of the picketers had learned the idea of civil rights in a gay youth group called Vanguard, which has been meeting since 1965 at the ultraprogressive Glide Memorial Methodist Church.” (Faderman 119)
  • In 1966 Steve Ginsberg started PRIDE (Personal Rights in Defense and Education). LA, Jan 1 1967- police raided the Black Cat gay bar, there was a PRIDE protest against police brutality/arbitrary arrests. (Faderman 120)

Chp 10: The Homosexual American Citizen takes the Government to Court

  • “The main purpose of the Mattachine Society Washington, as far as Frank Kameny was concerned, was to fight for the rights of the “homosexual American citizen,” a phrase he used often.” (Faderman 146)
    • Case of Bruce Scott 1956
  • June 26, 1965- march in front of Civil Service Commission HQ and said “Sexual preference is irrelevant to Federal Employment” (Faderman 152)
    • Clifford Norton- NASA- case 1963 (Faderman 155)
  • August 28, 1965 Mattachine Society picketing at the State Department’s HQ. Televised because LBJ’s VP Rusk mentioned it at a televised press conference (Faderman 159-160)

Chapter 11: The Riots

  • All of Part 4 is about Stonewall (chps 11-14)
  • Stonewall Inn, 53 Christopher Street, Greenwich Village, NYC (Faderman 171)
    • Very diverse range of customers. Blacks, whites, Puerto-Ricans, Asians, drag queens, etc (Faderman 171)
  • June 28, 1969- bouncer opened the peephole and saw police that came to raid it.
    • “Several “drag queens” said they were “ladies” and were taken by the two policewomen to the toilet, where it was determined they’d violated New York Penal Code 240.35 section 4, against “unnatural attire or facial alteration.” “You’re under arrest,” they were told.” (Faderman 172)

Chapter 28: How Lesbians and Gays Stopped Being Sex Criminals

  • Frank Kameny, 1970s states repealing sodomy laws (Faderman 537)
  • February 1969, Dallas, Alvin Buchanan caught in a sexual act with another man- challenge of Article 524 of the Texas Penal, Buchanan v. State in May 1969 (Faderman 538)
  • Virginia, John Doe v. Commonwealth’s Attorney for the City of Richmond, violation “crimes against nature” statue 18.1-212. (Faderman 540)
  • 1986 SCOTUS Bowers v. Hardwick, in 2003, Lawrence v. Texas overthrew 1986 court ruling that homosexual sodomy was criminal (Faderman 545-550)

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