The American Gay Rights Movement and Patriotic Protest Notes (Ella)

Hall, Simon. “The American Gay Rights Movement and Patriotic Protest.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 19, No. 3 (SEPTEMBER 2010), pp. 536-562. Electronic. University of Texas Press.

  • “[They] were a long, ebullient parade of cops and veterans, drag queens and college students, gay parents with toddlers on their backs and heterosexual parents marching in support of gay children.” — The New York Times on the Millennium March on April 30, 2000 (Hall 536).
  • “One of the featured speakers was the father of Matthew Shepard, the gay Wyoming teenager who had been brutally murdered in October 1998. Dennis Shepard told the crowd to “let people know that you are a part of America . . . and you deserve the same rights.”’ (Hall 537)
  • “In 1965 the Mattachine Societies in Washington and New York, together with Philadelphia’s Janus Society and the Daughters of Bilitis (DoB, a pioneering lesbian organization founded in San Francisco in 1955), staged a series of public demonstrations protesting discrimination against homosexuals.” (Hall 540).
  • “In 1953, for example, West Hollywood activists associated with Los Angeles Mattachine began to publish One, a gay-run and edited newspaper that quickly built up monthly sales of some five thousand copies.” (Hall 541)
  • “They pointed out that the closing of gay bars was a denial of the right to free assembly and that the criminalization of homosexuality was a denial of the “right to the pursuit of happiness.”’ (Hall 543).
  • “Part “oasis and refuge” and part sleazy dive, the Stonewall Inn, located at 53 Christopher Street, was the most popular gay bar in New York City’s Greenwich Village. In the early hours of Saturday, 28 June 1969, the pub’s “magical” clientele, which ranged from “tweedy East Siders to street queens,” had their merriment interrupted by a police raid. What followed quickly became “the emblematic event in modern gay and lesbian history,” transforming Stonewall into the birthplace of gay liberation.” (Hall 545)
  • GLF- Gay Liberation Front, est immediately post-Stonewall (June 1969)
  • GAA- gay Activists Alliance
  • “Writing in the Philadelphia Free Press in July 1970, Kuromiya claimed that “homosexuals have burst their chains and abandoned their closets. . . . We come battle-scarred and angry to topple your sexist, racist, hateful society. We come to challenge the incredible hypocrisy of your sexual monogamy, your oppressive sexual role-playing, your nuclear family, your Protestant ethic, apple pie and Mother.” (Hall 548-9)
  • “Evans, a Columbia PhD student, explained that “there is no reason why we can’t be full people, both economically and in terms of our feelings! . . . This is a matter of political rights, our Constitutional rights, which we have under the Declaration of Independence: ‘Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.'” Turning to Cavett, Evans asked: “We should have that, too, don’t you think?” (Hall 553-4)
  • “Americanism””
  • “Let me remind you what America is. Listen carefully. On the Statue of Liberty it says: “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” In the Declaration of Independence it is written: “All men are created equal and they are endowed with certain inalienable rights.” And in our National Anthem it says: “Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave o’er the land of the free.” For Mr. Briggs and Mrs. Bryant . . . and all the bigots out there: That’s what America is. No matter how hard you try, you cannot erase those words from the Declaration of Independence. No matter how hard you try, you cannot chip those words from off the base of the Statue of Liberty. And no matter how hard you try, you cannot sing the “Star Spangled Banner” without those words. That’s what America is. Love it or Leave it.” — Harvey Milk (Hall 559-60)

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